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H. Clinical Assessment Tools

This module provides an overview of 30 of the most commonly used assessment tools in stroke rehabilitation research and practice (Chapter 21 of the EBRSR). For each outcome measure the following five questions are addressed: 1) what does it measure, 2) what is the scale, 3) what are the key scores, 4) what are its strengths, and 5) what are its limitations. A summary chart relating to the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of each measure is also presented.

G. Secondary Prevention of Stroke Educational Supplement

This module reviews material relating to the management and treatment of modifiable risk factors for the secondary prevention of stroke (Chapter 8 of the EBRSR). Some of the topics reviewed in this module include hypertension, hyperlipidemia and hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, lifestyle modification, homocysteine, antiplatelet agents, atrial fibrillation, patent foramen ovale, and carotid artery stenosis.

F. Psychosocial Issues Educational Supplement

This module reviews material relating to topics such as post-stroke depression and community reintegration (Chapters 18 and 19 of the EBRSR). Some of the topics reviewed in this module include the prevention and treatment of post-stroke depression, the importance of social supports, social support and family interventions, as well as issues related to sexuality, driving, and returning to work post-stroke.

E. Medical Complications Educational Supplement

This module reviews material relating to dysphagia and aspiration, nutritional interventions, and other post-stroke medical complications (Chapters 15-17 of the EBRSR). Some of the topics reviewed in this module include the assessment and treatment of dysphagia, nutritional issues, deep venous thrombosis, post-stroke seizure disorders, central pain state, and urinary incontinence.

D. Cognitive Disorders Post Stroke Educational Supplement

This module reviews material relating to cognitive disorders and apraxia, perceptual disorders, and aphasia (Chapters 12-14 of the EBRSR). Some of the topics reviewed in this module include assessment and treatment of cognitive disorders post stroke, depression and cognitive impairment, apraxia, assessment and treatment of visual perceptual disorders post stroke, Broca's aphasia, Wernicke aphasia, and conduction aphasia.

C. Motor Recovery Post Stroke Educational Supplement

This module reviews material relating to mobility and the lower extremity, upper extremity interventions, and painful hemiplegic shoulder (Chapters 9-11 of the EBRSR). Some of the topics reviewed in this module include assessment of motor function, prognosis of motor recovery, gait and balance retraining, the Bobath approach vs. the neurodevelopmental thechnique, functional electrical stimulation, constraint-induced movement therapy, mental practice, spasticity post stroke, and hemiplegic shoulder pain.

B. Principles of Stroke Rehabilitation Educational Supplement

This module reviews the background concepts, elements, and efficacy of stroke rehabilitation as well as management of the triage process and outpatient rehabilitation (Chapters 3-7 of the EBRSR). Some of the topics reviewed include the time course and mechanisms of recovery, the impact of age and stroke severity on recovery, admission to rehabilitation, stroke rehabilitation units, elements of care, the importance of task-specific training, outpatient therapy, and the classification of outcomes post-stroke.

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